What is Kratom?
Kratom is a tropical tree reaching a height of 3 to 15 meters in height and spread in Thailand and Malaysia. Has large leaves, pointed at the tip,and yellow flowers growing in clusters . In the wild state grows in marshy areas of the Pacific and Asia region, especially in Malaysia, Thailand,New Guinea and Borneo.
The main active ingredients are mitraphylline, mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine.
Kratom leaves are chewed for centuries in South Asia and Thailand because of euphoric, sedative and stimulant effects.
It seems that Kratom is used for centuries - for fun or as a remedy for diarrhea.
The chemical composition of its alkaloids has been studied in the twenties of the twentieth century, and mitragynine isolated in 1923 in Kratom leaves become part of trade in the U.S. and Europe in the mid-2000s. In the early twenty-first century in Internet forums appear posts about Kratom to alleviate withdrawal symptoms in opiate dependence.
How to use?
Kratom leaves can be chewed fresh or dried. Also can be smoked, boiled as tea or extract.
What the user feels?
Mitragynine is a agonist at the mu-and delta-opioid receptors and this is probably the reason for its efficacy in the treatment of opiate withdrawal. Since Kratom acts as a sedative and as a stimulant, and probably its secondary alkaloids have important pharmacological effects.
The effects of using Kratom are often described as simultaneous and contradictory. Drug tells of sedatives such as opiates and stimulant like cocaine. Incentive effects usually dominate at low doses and can be expressed in terms of energy, alertness and mild euphoria.
At higher doses, the effects were more soothing and inducing drowsiness, similar to the opioid. Excessive doses may cause dizziness, very strong nausea and / or vomiting.
Described and effects such as feelings of empathy, act as an aphrodisiac, a change in the ability to focus the eyes, analgesia, mild depression during or after use, feeling hot and sweating; hangover like alcohol.
Kratom is used as a substitute for opium and it was observed that suppresses withdrawal symptoms.
Some users reported mild visual effects both in open and closed eyes. They consist of twitching and visual field changes, the occurrence of colorful shapes with closed eyes.
Ingestion Kratom effects are becoming noticeable after about 15-20 minutes and completely obvious after 30-60 minutes. At high doses, the effects can be much faster and with stronger start. At moderate dosage strength of effects continues 2-4 hours, although the residual effect may last several hours longer. Some users feel pleasant agitation of the next day.
Is it addictive?
There is evidence for the occurrence of physical dependence on frequent and intensive use of Kratom.
What are the risks?
It is not known Kratom to be poisonous , but its use at high doses, it can be rather unpleasant, since it causes nausea and vomiting
use can lead to physical dependence
use of Kratom can cause constipation, similar to opioids. It is known that chronic use causes enhanced skin darkening, insomnia, and dry mouth anorexia
There must be no driving or operating machinery under the influence of Kratom
Use of Kratom with other sedatives or stimulants is risky
Combination of monoamine oxidase inhibitors and Kratom can be very dangerous. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are certain types of antidepressants, subject to prescription.